However, this didn't stop a store owner from turning up her nose at me when I entered her shop and having one of her associates follow me around. And this didn't stop the suspicious stares of residents in a small town where I visited one of my friends this past year. We were cautiously holding on to the wall and each other as we moved around the rink when two guys pushed by us. When I screamed at them for having pushed my little sister, they yelled back, "Shut up, stupid black girl!
Social pressures to fit in can explain the black—white educational achievement gap Based on the research of David Austen-Smith and Roland G. It is painfully well known that in America, black students lag behind white students in essentially all measures of academic achievement.
Harvard University show that rather than reflecting some inherent dysfunction in individuals or communities, this phenomenon could result from perfectly rational individuals responding in the best way possible to their social and economic realities.
Just how crippling is this achievement gap? The average black year-old reads at Essays on acting white level of a typical white year-old, according to the National Assessment of Educational Progress Perie, Moran and Lutkus Moreover, these achievement differences seem to be amplified in the most highly segregated areas.
Those who pursue behaviors associated with upward mobility, such as education, certain types of speech, and deference to authority, run the risk of alienating peers and losing valuable community support. How does that translate into broad patterns of wages?
In a purely rational sense, these individuals prefer peer acceptance to the benefits of education.
We treat this like more mundane questions, premised on individuals acting on their own best interests. Unequal access to information can impair the exchange of goods and services.
This problem can be addressed if one party sends a signal to convey useful information to a second party. The second party can then adjust its behavior, such as by offering goods at a different price than if the signal had not been received.
Starting in the early s, Michael Spence showed how education functions as an economic signal, work for which he would receive the Nobel Prize in Employers, he argued, will pay more for good workers, but they lack the information needed to tell in advance which workers are good and which ones are bad.
Bad workers do not mind this confusion because they might earn the same pay as good workers without actually having to be good at their jobs. But good workers know that they deserve better pay than bad workers, so they send a signal to employers by investing in education.
Even if investment in education does not actually lead to improved productivity, Spence explained, talented, motivated workers will still invest time and energy on education simply to signal their value to employers. Since they are inherently less talented and less motivated, bad workers have to spend more time and effort than good workers to get educated.
As a result, bad workers typically accept lower pay rather than pursue education, which is a relatively expensive investment for them. Over time, workers and employers pursue their most profitable education and wage strategies until neither party can gain any further advantage from changing strategy unless the other party also changes.
Moreover, the response to a single educational signal can differ dramatically between employers—who have reason to value education—and social groups, who may be wary of more educated individuals. Their model hinges upon calculating the payoffs that individuals enjoy as a result of their inherent abilities as workers, their investments in education, and their attractiveness to social peers.
Alternately, peer groups accept individuals based on social features without regard for their inherent abilities as workers. Even if an individual is welcomed into the social group, every increase in time and effort spent on education necessarily diminishes the time and effort remaining to spend with peers, thus limiting the benefit gained from group membership.
So a socially-accepted individual seeking a slightly higher wage could invest in slightly more education, but this minor increase could completely undermine his social acceptability and benefit.
Depending on the individual and the level of education, the resulting social cost due to exclusion from the group might be surpassed by increases in wages.
Interesting equilibrium conditions emerge from this model when individuals reveal their educational choices to employers and peers. Individuals who are naturally unappealing to peer groups invest in education without regard to social acceptance.
Those who have natural talent and motivation invest more in education. Regardless of social attractiveness to peer groups, all individuals who exceed certain levels of inherent skill and ability as workers disregard peer pressures and seek higher wages through investment in education.Jan 22, · Bill Cosby puts all African Americans in the category of ignorant and ghetto, living in the lower class.
In the text he often attacks single mothers with no father in the household. Aug 11, · Free Essays on Acting White. Search. Identity Crisis in White Noise.
Identity Crisis in White Noise Don Delillo's White Noise is a novel set in twentieth century Middle America. The story follows the life and journey of Jack Gladney, a. Acting “Is you is or is you ain’t black?” This is a question that many African Americans may have asked or be asking themselves.
Because the black image is distorted in the media, and the culture in general, to look and be only a certain way, anything that differs from this /5(1).
Acting Black and Acting White in Racist America - Acting Black and Acting White in Racist America Several years ago, four New York City police officers were acquitted after their trial for the murder of an African immigrant. In the book, Acting white, by Devon W. Carbado and mitu Gulati, their main argument is that the behavior of people is often stereotyped by race.
However "acting white" has been known to be portrayed as an African American individual that has chosen to speak properly and become serious about his or her life and future, and act in a manner that is not of the "ghetto" or "gangster" culture.
Essays Related to Acting white. 1. Since we see the girl acting with condescension and 5/5(2).